Statistics show that certain drivers have a higher chance of getting into accidents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported drivers ages 16-19 have a three times higher chance of a fatal crash than drivers over the age of 20.
Novice drivers lack the experience, combined with a tendency for risk-taking behavior, which can lead to more chances of an accident. They also may not fully grasp how to handle emergency situations or challenging road conditions. But young drivers are not the only group that has a risk of serious crashes.
Drivers who engage in activities like texting, talking on the phone, eating or using in-car entertainment systems while driving are more likely to be in collisions. Distractions divert attention away from the road, making it difficult to react to potential hazards.
Impaired driving due to alcohol, drugs or prescription medications remains a leading cause of accidents. These substances impair a driver’s judgment, coordination and reaction times. Even a small amount of alcohol or certain medications can impair driving abilities.
Aggressive driving behaviors, such as speeding, tailgating, weaving between lanes and road rage, contribute significantly to accidents. These behaviors reduce the driver’s ability to respond to unexpected situations and increase the likelihood of collisions.
Fatigue can impair a driver’s cognitive functions and reaction times, similar to alcohol or drugs. People who drive while tired are more likely to fall asleep at the wheel or make critical errors in judgment, leading to accidents.
Elderly drivers, while not inherently high-risk, may experience reduced reaction times and vision as they age. Certain medical conditions can also affect their ability to drive safely.
Commercial drivers, including truck drivers and delivery drivers, spend long hours on the road. Fatigue, tight schedules and pressure to meet delivery deadlines can increase the risk of accidents. The size and weight of commercial vehicles can make these accidents particularly severe.
Drivers who do not adjust their behavior in adverse weather conditions, such as rain, snow or ice, face an elevated risk of accidents. Reduced visibility and slippery roads can lead to loss of control and collisions.
While young drivers may hold the highest accident risk, there are several types of drivers that cause most crashes. All drivers should be aware of these risk factors to promote safer roads for everyone.